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Nigeria

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This article is about the country. For other uses, see Nigeria (disambiguation).

Not to be confused with the neighboring country Niger.

Federal Republic of Nigeria

Flag Coat of arms
Motto: "Unity and Faith, Peace and Progress"
Anthem: Arise, O Compatriots

 

Location of  Nigeria  (dark blue)– in Africa  (light blue & dark grey)– in the African Union  (light blue)

Location of  Nigeria  (dark blue)

– in Africa  (light blue & dark grey)
– in the African Union  (light blue)

Capital Abuja
9°4′N 7°29′E / 9.067°N 7.483°E
Largest city Lagos
Official languages English
Major languages
Other languages[1]

List[show]

Demonym Nigerian
Government Federal presidential republic
 -  President Goodluck Jonathan
 -  Vice President Namadi Sambo
Legislature National Assembly
 -  Upper house Senate
 -  Lower house House of Representatives
Independence from the United Kingdom
 -  Unification of Southern and Northern Nigeria 1914 
 -  Declared and recognized 1 October 1960 
 -  Republic declared 1 October 1963 
Area
 -  Total 923,768 km2 (32nd)
356,667 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) 1.4
Population
 -  2012 estimate 170,123,740[2] (7th)
 -  2006 census 140,431,790
 -  Density 184.2/km2 (71st)
477.0/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2011 estimate
 -  Total $413.402 billion[3]
 -  Per capita $2,578[3]
GDP (nominal) 2011 estimate
 -  Total $238.920 billion[3]
 -  Per capita $1,490[3]
Gini (2003) 43.7
medium
HDI (2011) Increase 0.459[4]
low · 156th
Currency Naira (₦) (NGN)
Time zone WAT (UTC+1)
 -  Summer (DST) not observed (UTC+1)
Drives on the right
Calling code +234
ISO 3166 code NG
Internet TLD .ng

 

See also: List of cities in Nigeria

City Population
Lagos 7,937,932
Kano 3,848,885
Ibadan 3,078,400
Kaduna 1,652,844
Port Harcourt 1,320,214
Benin City 1,051,600
Maiduguri 1,044,497
Zaria 1,018,827